Solid Granite Steps
Solid granite steps are a commonly used an attractive form of stone steps. As you would imagine they are made of a solid blocks of granite cut to size. A standard granite step comes 7″ high and in differing lengths and widths. These heavy blocks can be dry laid or mortared onto a base when necessary. There are different types of granite that will vary slightly in color and grain and edge treatment.
Antique or Reclaimed Granite Steps
Antique or ‘reclaimed granite’ refers granite that was quarried long ago. Antique granite was split and shaped by hand so is rougher and more irregular, and the color is usually darker than the freshly quarried stone. Antique granite is harder to find and must be hand picked to find the right size and shape for a particular application. Antique granite will cost more than new granite but will provide a much more authentic look.
Solid Bluestone Steps
Bluestone risers or steps are similar to granite steps but they are made from bluestone material. They are less common than granite steps and will cost more and have less standard sizing options.
Treads + Risers
Stone steps can also be made from treads and risers rather than solid stone. Stone treads are commonly made of granite, bluestone, or limestone. The treads are ~2″, and the risers can be built up in any of the different types of stone walls.
Fieldstone or Natural Stone Steps
Fieldstone steps are made from large, flat natural stones. Fieldstone steps can be laid without mortar in any variety of ways depending on the stone selection. Fieldstone steps give a much more rustic and natural appearance but will be more irregular than other types of stone steps.
Block steps are made from modular concrete blocks and treads. There are a variety of different brands and products available. These modular systems are not set without mortar, but glued together with a strong adhesive.